B and T Lymphocytes Related to the Adaptive Immune Response

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Chapter: Anatomy and Physiology for Health Professionals: Lymphatic System and Immunity

Three important types of cells are needed by the adaptive immune system.


B and T Lymphocytes Related to the Adaptive Immune Response

Three important types of cells are needed by the adaptive immune system. These include two differ-ent types of lymphocytes, and the antigen-presenting cells or APCs. The three types are summarized as follows:

B lymphocytes control humoral immunity

T lymphocytes make up the cellular arm of adaptive immunity; they are non-antibody-producing lymphocytes

Antigen-presenting cells perform auxiliary rolesinstead of responding to specific antigens; however, these APCs are needed by T lymphocytes to recognize their antigens TABLE 20-1 compares characteristics of T and B cells.



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