Biofilms in Hospitals

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Chapter: Pharmaceutical Microbiology : Microbial Biofilms: Consequences For Health

Nosocomial infections within healthcare facilities often result from pathogens surviving in the environment as biofilms.


BIOFILMS IN HOSPITALS

 

Nosocomial infections within healthcare facilities often result from pathogens surviving in the environment as biofilms. Biofilms may facilitate carriage by patients, hospital staff, or visitors, as for example in colonization of nasal passages by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Biofilms may also become associated with hard surfaces, drains or waterpipes within the facility. Infections may also be associated with instruments or devices used in the hospital, such as the contamination of endoscopes by biofilms, where they are responsible for the passage of infectious organisms from one patient to another. Whether biofilms form on animate or inanimate surfaces, their recalcitrant nature makes it difficult to remove them from the environment.

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