Biosynthesis of Phenolic Compounds

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Chapter: Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry : General Biosynthetic Pathways of Secondary Metabolites

Most of the phenolic compounds belong to the category of flavonoids, with acidic nature due to the presence of –OH group in it. The flavonoids have their basic structure from C15 body of flavone. Flavones occur both as coloured and in colourless nature, for example, Anthocyanins are normally red or yellow. They also form chelate complexes with metals and get easily oxidized to form a polymer. Some of the common phenolic compounds are coumarine, flavone, flavonol, anthrocyanidines, etc.


BIOSYNTHESIS OF PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS

 

 

Most of the phenolic compounds belong to the category of flavonoids, with acidic nature due to the presence of –OH group in it. The flavonoids have their basic structure from C15 body of flavone. Flavones occur both as coloured and in colourless nature, for example, Anthocyanins are normally red or yellow. They also form chelate complexes with metals and get easily oxidized to form a polymer. Some of the common phenolic compounds are coumarine, flavone, flavonol, anthrocyanidines, etc.

 

 


                       Biosynthesis of phenolic compounds

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