Carminatives

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Chapter: Essential pharmacology : Drugs For Emesis, Reflux And Digestive Disorders

These are drugs which promote the expulsion of gases from the g.i.t. and give a feeling of warmth and comfort in the epigastrium.


CARMINATIVES

 

These are drugs which promote the expulsion of gases from the g.i.t. and give a feeling of warmth and comfort in the epigastrium.

 

Commonly used drugs are:

 

Sodium bicarbonate : 0.6–1.5 g

Oil Peppermint : 0.06–0.1 ml

Tincture Cardamom Co. : 1–2 ml

Oil of dil : 0.06–0.2 ml

Tincture ginger : 0.6–1 ml

 

Sodium bicarbonate reacts with gastric HCl and evolves CO2 which rapidly distends stomach, relaxes LES and brings about erructation.

 

The others are condiments and spices, contain volatile oil, which by their mild irritant action and flavour relax LES and increase g.i.t. motility. They give a feeling of warmth and comfort in the abdomen.

 

Used  for: flatulent  dyspepsia.

 

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