Drugs Containing Lipids

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Chapter: Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry : Drugs Containing Lipids

The lipids are a large and diverse group of naturally occur-ring organic compounds that are related by their solubility in nonpolar organic solvents (e.g. ether, chloroform, acetone, and benzene) and are generally insoluble in water.


Drugs Containing Lipids

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The lipids are a large and diverse group of naturally occur-ring organic compounds that are related by their solubility in nonpolar organic solvents (e.g. ether, chloroform, acetone, and benzene) and are generally insoluble in water. There is great structural variety among the lipids and comprise of fixed oils, fats, and waxes. The lipids of physiological importance for humans have the following major functions:

 

1.     They serve as structural components of biological membranes.

 

2.     They provide energy reserves, predominantly in the form of              triacylglycerols.

 

3.     Both lipids and lipid derivatives serve as vitamins and hormones.

 

4.     Lipophilic bile acids aid in lipid solubilization.

 

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