Instruments and Equipments

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Chapter: Pharmaceutical Microbiology : Sterile Pharmaceutical Products

The method chosen for sterilization of instruments (see Table 22.3) depends on the nature of the components and the design of the item. The wide range of instruments that may be required in a sterile condition includes syringes (glass or plastic disposable), needles, giving sets, metal surgical instruments (e.g. scalpels, scissors, forceps), rubber gloves, catheters, etc.


INSTRUMENTS AND EQUIPMENTS

 

The method chosen for sterilization of instruments (see Table 22.3) depends on the nature of the components and the design of the item. The wide range of instruments that may be required in a sterile condition includes syringes (glass or plastic disposable), needles, giving sets, metal surgical instruments (e.g. scalpels, scissors, forceps), rubber gloves, catheters, etc. Relatively complicated equipment such as pressure transducers, pacemakers, kidney dialysis equipment, incubators and aerosol machine parts may also be sterilized. Artificial joints could also be included in the vast range of items required in a sterile condition in modern medical practice. The choice of method depends largely on the physical stability of the items and the appropriate technique in particular situations. For instance, incubators necessitate a chemical method of sterilization. On the other hand, even delicate instruments like pressure transducers are now available that can withstand autoclaving.

 


 

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