Mustard Oil

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Chapter: Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry : Drugs Containing Lipids

It is a fixed oil obtained from matured seeds of Brassica nigra (L) Koch or Brassica juncea L. Czern, belonging to family Cruciferae (Brassicaceae).


MUSTARD OIL

 

 

Synonyms

 

Sarson ka tel.

 

Biological Source

 

It is a fixed oil obtained from matured seeds of Brassica nigra (L) Koch or Brassica juncea L. Czern, belonging to family Cruciferae (Brassicaceae).

 

Geographical Source

 

It is cultivated in India, China, Canada, and England.

 

Description

 

It is yellow coloured liquid of strong acrid odour until refined, sp. gr. 0.914–0.923, saponification value 173–184, iodine value 96–194, and unsaponifiable matter 0.9–1.0%.

 


 

 

Chemical Constituents

 

Mustard oil contains glycerides of arachidic (0.5%), behenic (2–3%), eicosenoic (7–8%), erusic (40–60%), lignoceric (1–2%), linoleic (14–18%), linolenic (6.5–7.0%), oleic (20–22%), and myristic (0.5–10%) acids.

 

Black mustard seeds contain 35–40% of fixed oil and a glycoside known as sinigrin along with an enzyme myrosin. Allyl isothiocynate is responsible for the strong acrid smell of volatile oil of mustard produced on hydrolysis of glycoside.

 

Uses

 

Fixed oil is used as edible oil after refining, but medicinal properties are due to allyl isothiocynate, which is a local irritant and emetic. If applied externally, it is rubefacient and vasicant. It is also used as condiment and in manufacture of soap. Refined mustard oil is used in vegetable ghee.

 

Marketed Products

 

Dabur Mustard oil is the one of the purest mustard oil that has a variety of uses. It is also one of the ingredients of the preparation known as Saaf Organic Eraser Body Oil.

 

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