The Boron Group - Group 13

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Chapter: Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry : The Boron Group - Group 13

Group 13 (13th vertical column of the periodic table) is called the boron group and it consists of boron (B), aluminium (Al), gallium (Ga), indium (In) and thallium (Tl).


The Boron Group - Group 13

Group 13 (13th vertical column of the periodic table) is called the boron group and it consists of boron (B), aluminium (Al), gallium (Ga), indium (In) and thallium (Tl) (Figure 4.1).


All elements within group 13 show a wide variety of properties. It is important to note that boron is a metal-loid (semi-metal) whereas aluminium is a metal but shows many chemical similarities to boron. Aluminium, gallium, indium and thallium are considered to be metals of the ‘poor metals’ group.

Metalloids are elements that display some properties characteristic for metals and some characteristic for nonmetals.

In this chapter, the general chemistry of group 13 elements is discussed as well as some clinical applications for boron and aluminium. Further clinical applications for boron as well as applications for thallium can be found in the chapter on radiochemistry (Chapter 10).

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