Tranquillizers

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Chapter: Medicinal Chemistry : Tranquillizers

Tranquillizers are used primarily for the treatment of symptoms of mental diseases. They cause sedation without inducing sleep.


Tranquillizers

INTRODUCTION

Tranquillizers are used primarily for the treatment of symptoms of mental diseases. They cause sedation without inducing sleep. They are essentially used in the symptomatic treatment of psychosis, such as schizophrenia and organic psychosis. The symptoms of schizophrenia can be divided into two types, positive and negative. Positive symptoms are those that are not normally found in healthy individuals, including hallucinations, delusions, and thought disorder. Negative symptoms represent the loss of qualities normally present in healthy individuals, including impoverishment of thought, blunted emotion, attention deļ¬cit, and lack of motivation or initiative. In addition, many of these drugs also act as skeletal muscle relaxants, antihypertensives, antiemetics, and antiepileptics.


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