Important Milestones in Drug Legislations and Pharmacy Profession

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Chapter: Forensic Pharmacy : History of Drug Legislation and Pharmacy Profession in India

(Education, Practice, and Industry) - Important Milestones in Drug Legislations and Pharmacy Profession


Important Milestones in Drug Legislations and Pharmacy Profession

(Education, Practice, and Industry)

PRE-INDEPENDENCE ERA

1664 The first hospital was opened at Fort St. George, Madras.

1811 Young Scotch named Mr. Bathgate came to India with East India Company and opened Chemist's shop in Calcutta.

1820 Lord Cornwallis started Opium factory at Ghazipur (U.P.).

1824 Hindustani versions (Devnagri and persion scripts) of the London Pharmacopoeia were prescribed.

1824 The East India Company decided to impart knowledge of medical science-both European and Indian.

1835 First two medical colleges established at calcutta and Madras.

1857 Few sections of lndian Penal Code were applicable for drugs.

1857, 1878 The Opium Act enacted.

1860 The beginning of pharmaceutical instructions in British India at Madras Medical College.

1868 The Pharmacopoeia of India published under the authority of Secretary of State for India.

1885 British Pharmacopoeia was made the sole authority for pharmacy profession.

1889 The Indian Merchandi~e Marks Act enacted.

1894 The Indian Tariff Act enacted.

1898 The Sea Customs Act enacted.

1899 The Compounders training course started in Madras.

1899 Achary P.c. Roy along with Kartic Chandra Bose established Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works at Calcutta.

1905 Gajjar and Co. established at Bombay which also started drug manufacturing.

1906 In U.S.A. - Federal Food & Drugs Act introduced.

1919 The Poisons Act enacted.

1920 All India Compounders and Dispensers Association was established.

1920 In Canada - Food and Drugs Act introduced.

1924 The Cantonment Act enacted.

1925 In U.K. - The Therapeutic Substance Act introduced.

9-3-1927 Resolution of Council of States in India regarding health services.

1928 In U.K. Drug Adulteration Act enacted.

1928 The state medical faculty of Bengal introduced two years course for compounders.

11-8-1930 Drugs Enquiry Committee (D.E.C.) headed by Col. R. N. Chopra constituted.

1931 Report submitted by D.E.C. to Central Government.

1932 A two year Degree Course in Pharmaceutical Chemistry for B.Sc. - Beginning of pharmacy education at Banaras Hindu University by Prof. Mahadev Lal Schroff (Father of Pharmacy Education in country).

1-11-1933 The Indian Medical Council Act enacted.

1935 United Provinces Pharmaceutical Association (UPPA) established at Banaras by Prof. Mahadev Lal Schroff.

1937 Import of Drugs Bill introduced in the Parli~ment (British India) and later withdrawn due to criticism.

1937 Biological Standardization Laboratory (B.S.L.) established at Calcutta.

1939 United Provinces Pharmaceutical Association (U.P.P.A) was renamed as Indian Pharmaceutical Association (I.P.A). Publication ofIndian Journal of pharmacy started.

1940 Drugs Bill introduced in the Parliament and Drugs Act later amended to Drugs & Cosmetic Act (D.C.A) was enacted.

1940 Biological Standardization Laboratory was named as Central Drugs Laboratory (COL) under DCA.

1941 First Drugs Technical Advisory Board (DTAB) constituted.

1941 First All India Pharmaceutical Conference was held at B.H.U, Varanasi under the Presidentship of Prof. Mahadev Lal Schroff.

1943 Health Survey and Development Committee constituted under the chairmanship of Sir Justice Joseph Bhore.

1944 First I. P. Committee constituted.

1945 Pharmacy Bill introduced in the Parliament.

1945 Justice Joseph Bhore submitted report.

1945 Rules for Drugs & Cosmetic Act framed.

1946 Indian Pharmaceutical Codex (I.P.C) published.

 

POST-INDEPENDENCE ERA

1947 The Indian Nursing Council Act enacted.

1948 The Pharmacy Act, 1948 enacted.

1948 The Dentists Act, 1948 enacted.

9-11-1949 First 'Pharmacy Council OJ India' (P.C.I.) constituted under the Pharmacy Act.

1949 Dr. K.C.K.E. Raja was nominated by the Central Government as the first President of Pharmacy Counciiofindia.

1951 The Industries Act enacted.

11-7-1953 First Education Regulations (E.R) as approved by the Ministry of Health & F.W., Government ofindia were notified.

1954 The Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisements) Act enacted.

1954 The Pharmaceutical Enquiry Committee recommended appointment of graduates in Pharmacy as Chief Pharmacists for all large hospitals.

1954 The first B. Pharmacy Course approved by Pharmacy Council ofindia at Birla College, Pilani.

1955 The first Diploma in Pharmacy Course approved by P.C.I. at Government Medical College, Amritsar.

1955 First Indian Pharmacopoeia published.

1955 The Medicinal and Toilet Preparations (Excise Duties) Act.

1956 Essential Commodities Act enacted.

1956 The University Grants Commission Act enacted.

1957 Dangerous Drugs (Import, Export & Transshipment) Rules framed.

1960 Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act passed.

1960-70 Indian Drugs & Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (I.D.P.L.) established at five places in the country.

1962 The Central Manufactured Drugs Rules framed.

1962 Beginning of National Pharmacy week celebrations in third week of November every year.

1963 Pharma Times Publication of I.P.A as professional monthly publication.

1963 The Indian Hospitals Pharmacists Association (IHPA) was launched at Pilani, Rajasthan.

1964 The Indian Journal ofHospitals Pharmacy was started by Prof. B.D. Miglani for IHPA.

1966 Second Indian Pharmacopoeia published.

1968 Insecticides Act enacted.

1970 First DPCO (Drugs Price Control Order), Later on in 1979 and 1987, 1995 published.

1970 Indian Patents Act enacted.

1971 Medicinal Termination of Pregnancy Act enacted.

1972 Education Regulations of P.C.I. 1972 (notified on 6-1-1973).

1973 Homoeopathy Central Council Act enacted.

1974 Committee ofM.P.s with Jaisukhlal Hathi as chairman for drugs and pharmaceuticals constituted.

1975 Hathi Committee Report Submitted. The Committee recommended that a Chief Pharmacist with atleast a graduate in pharmacy degree should be appointed for maintaining quality of drugs supplied to patients in hospitals.

1975 All India Organisation of Chemists and Druggists (AIOCD) established with Mr. VL. Theagaraj as President.

1976 The Dentists (Code of Ethics) Regulations framed.

1977 Indian Pharmaceutical Congress along with Conference of Commonwealth Pharmaceutical Association was held under the Presidentship of Dr. J.N. Banerjee at Mumbai.

1978 Drug Policy was announced based on Hathi Committee report.

1979 Indian Journal of pharmacy was named as Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (Bi-monthly publication).

1981 Education Regulations ofP.C.I. notified on 11.7.1992.

1985 Third Indian Pharmacopoeia published.

1985 The Narcotic-Drugs & Psychotropic Substances Act enacted.

1986 Consumer Protection Act enacted.

1986 Revised Drug Policy was announced.

23-12-1987 The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) Act covering pharmacy education enacted.

1989 Golden Jubilee ofIndian Pharmaceutical Association celebrated.

1991 Education Regulations ofP.C.1. notified in 1993.

1994 Modifications in Drug Policy, 1994.

1996 Hon. Supreme Court directed Government to come out with National Policy on Blood Programme. Subsequently, National Blood Policy of NACO (National AIDS Control Organization) brought out.

1998 Golden Jubilee of Indian Pharmaceutical Congress alongwith Conference of Federation of Asian Pharmaceutical Association (FAPA) was held at Mumbai under the presidentship of Prof. C.K. Kokate.

1999 Golden Jubilee Year of Pharmacy Council ofIndia celebrated throughout the country.

2001 The first pharmacist (Prof. C.K. Kokate) appointed as Vice-Chancellor ofIndian University, (Kakatiya University A.P.).

2002 Pharmaceutical Policy announced by Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Department of Chemicals.

2005 In Post- WTO era, new patent regime (Product Patent) has started.

 

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