Definitions

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Chapter: Forensic Pharmacy : The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act, 1985 and Rules, 1985

Definitions - The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act, 1985 and Rules, 1985 | Forensic Pharmacy


Definitions

1. Cannabis (Indian Hemp)

It contains leaves and flowering tops of pistillate plants of Cannabis sativa (c. indica) : Family-Cannabinaceae.

2. Cannabis Products

(a) Charas is the crude or purified resin obtained from the cannabis plant and also includes concentrated preparation and resin known as Hashish oil.

(b) Ganja is from the flowering or fruiting tops of the cannabis plant (excluding the seeds and leaves not accompanied by the tops), by whatever name they may be known or designated and

(c) Any mixture with or without any neutral material of any of the above forms of cannabis or any drink prepared therefrom.

3. Coca-derivatives

It includes:

(a) Crude cocaine is the extract of coca leaf which can be used directly or indirectly for the manufacture of cocaine.

(b) Ecgonine and all the derivatives of ecgonine from which it can be recovered.

(c) Cocaine-methyl ester of benzoyl ecgonine and its salts and

(d) All preparations containing more than 0.1 % of cocaine.

4. Coca Leaf

(a) It is the leaf of the coca plant Erythroxylon except, the leaf from which all ecgonine, cocaine and any other ecgonine alkaloids have been removed.

(b) Any mixture thereof with or without any neutral material but, does not include any preparation containing not more than 0.1 % of cocaine.

5. Coca Plant

It is the plant of any species of the Genus Erythroxylon i.e. E. coca, E. truxillence and other species of Erythroxylon.

6. Illicit Traffic:

In relation to narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, it means:

(a) cultivating any coca plant or gathering any portion of coca plant,

(b) cultivating the opium poppy or cannabis plant,

(c) engaging in the production, manufacture, possession, sale, purchase, transportation, ware-housing, concealment, use or consumption, import inter-state, export interstate, import into India, export from India or transhipment of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances,

(d) dealing in any activities in narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances other than those referred to under subclauses (a) to (c) as above,

(e) handling or letting out any premises for carrying on any of the activities referred to in subclauses (a) to (d) given above.

7. Controlled Substances

Any substance which the Central Government may, having regard to the available information as to its possible use in the production or manufacturing of the narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances or to the provisions ofany International Convention by notification in Official Gazette, declare to be a controlled substance.

8. Manufactured Drug

(a) It means all coca derivatives, medicinal cannabis, opium derivatives and poppy straw concentrate,

(b) Any other narcotic substance or preparation which the Central Government may having regard to the available information as to its nature or to a decision if any under any International Convention by notification in Official Gazette declare to be a manufactured drug but, does not include any narcotic substance or preparation which the Central Government may, having regard to the available information as to its nature by notification in Official Gazette declare not to be a manufactured drug.

9. Opium

It means:

(a) Medicinal opium-the opium in powder, granulated or any other form which has undergone the processes necessary to adopt it for medicinal use in accordance with the requirements of Indian Pharmacopoeia or any other Pharmacopoeia.

(b) Prepared opium-any product of opium obtained by series of operations designed to transform opium into any extract suitable for smoking,

(c) Phenanthrene alkaloids namely, morphine, thebaine, codeine and their salts,

(d) diacetyl morphine i.e., the alkaloid known as diamorphine or heroine and its salts, and

(e) all prepatations containing more than 0.2% of morphine or containing any diacetyl morphine.

10. Opium Poppy

It is the plant of the species of Papaver somniferum L.(Papaveraceae) and the plant of any other species of Papaver from which opium or any phenanthrene alkaloid can be extracted and which the Central Government may by notification in the Official Gazette declare to be opium poppy for the purposes of this Act.

11. Poppy Straw

It represents all parts except, the seeds of the opium poppy after harvesting, whether in their original form or crushed or powdered and whether or not juice has been extracted therefrom.

12. Poppy Straw Concentrate

It means the material arising when poppy straw has entered into a process for the concentration of its alkaloids.

13. Psychotropic Substance

It is a natural or synthetic substance or its salt or preparation or any natural material included in the list of psychotropic substances specified in the Schedule to the Act.

The list of some of the psychotropic substances covered under the Schedule to the Act include, tetrahydrocannabinol, amphetamine, etycyclidine, rolicyclidine, psilocybine, tenocyclidine, dexamphetamine, camazepam, clonazepam, clotizepam, diazepam, cloxazolam, ketozolam, alprazolam, estazolam, bromazepam, haloxazolam, amobarbital, pentobarbital, secobarbital, barbital, allobarbital, LSD, LSD-25, mesocarb, cathine, tetrazepam, triazolam, prazepam, oxazepam, loprazolam, lorazepam, mazindol, meprobamate and others.

 

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