Volatile Oils Containing Hydrocarbons

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Chapter: Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry : Drugs Containing Volatile Oils

Hydrocarbons are present in all volatile oils. Limonene is the most widely distributed of the monocyclic terpenes. It occurs in Citrus, Mint, Myristica, Caraway, Thyme, Cardamom, Coriander, and many other oils.


VOLATILE OILS CONTAINING HYDROCARBONS

 

 

Hydrocarbons are present in all volatile oils. Limonene is the most widely distributed of the monocyclic terpenes. It occurs in Citrus, Mint, Myristica, Caraway, Thyme, Cardamom, Coriander, and many other oils. Another mono-cyclic hydrocarbon monoterpene is p-cymene, present in Coriander, Thyme, Cinnamon, and Myristica oils. Pinene, a dicyclic monoterpene, is also widely distributed. It occurs in many conifer oils and in Lemon, Anise, Eucalyptus, Thyme, Fennel, Coriander, Orange flower, and Myristica oils. Sabinene, a dicyclic monoterpene of the thujane class, present in cardamom and lemon oils. Acyclic monoterpene myrcene occurs in Myricia, Lemon, and Myristica. Cadinene occurring in juniper tar, is a sesquiterpene hydrocarbon. β-Caryophyllene is a sesquiterpene found in Wormwood, Peppermint, Cinnamon, and Clove oils.

 

A volatile oil drug composed mainly of hydrocarbons is turpentine oil.

 

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