Volatile Oils Containing Aldehydes

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Chapter: Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry : Drugs Containing Volatile Oils

Aldehydes present in volatile oils are divided into acyclic and cyclic. The acyclic aldehydes are citral, which is a 3:1 mixture of geranial to neral, and citronellal, the aldehyde corresponding to citronellol. The cyclic aldehydes are safranal, phellandral, photocitral A, and myrtenal. The aromatic aldehydes include cinnamaldehyde and vanillin.


VOLATILE OILS CONTAINING ALDEHYDES

 

Aldehydes present in volatile oils are divided into acyclic and cyclic. The acyclic aldehydes are citral, which is a 3:1 mixture of geranial to neral, and citronellal, the aldehyde corresponding to citronellol. The cyclic aldehydes are safranal, phellandral, photocitral A, and myrtenal. The aromatic aldehydes include cinnamaldehyde and vanillin.

The important drugs in this class are Cinnamon, Orange oil, Lemon peel, Lemon oil, and Citronella oil.

 

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