SAR of Benzodiazepines

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Chapter: Medicinal Chemistry : Sedatives and Hypnotics

The presence of electron attracting substituents (Cl, F, Br, NO2) at position C-7 is required for the activity, and the more electron attracting substituents leads to potent activity.


SAR of Benzodiazepines


• The presence of electron attracting substituents (Cl, F, Br, NO2) at position C-7 is required for the activity, and the more electron attracting substituents leads to potent activity.

• Position 6, 8, and 9 should be unsubstituted for the activity.

• Phenyl (or) pyridyl at the C-5 position promotes activity. If the phenyl ring substituted with electron attracting groups at 2’ or 2’, 6’ position, then the activity is increased.

• On the other hand, substituents at 3’, 4’, and 5’ positions decreases activity greatly.

• Saturation of 4, 5 double bond or shift of it to the 3, 4 position decreases the activity.

• Alkyl substitution at position 3 decreases the activity, but the presence or absence of hydroxyl group is essential. Compounds without 3-hydroxyl group are nonpolar and usually have long half-life. Compounds with the 3-hydroxyl group have short half-life because of rapid conjugation with glucuronic acid.

• Substitution at N1 by alkyl, halo alkyl, and amino alkyl group increases the activity.

• Reduction of carbonyl function at C-2 position to CH2 yields less potent compound.

• Triazolo benzodiazepine (Alprazolam) is found to be more potent, they do not require any substitution at 7th position.


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