Registration of Pharmacist

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Chapter: Forensic Pharmacy : The Pharmacy Act, 1948

First Register of Pharmacist: Immediately after independence until SPC was constituted.

Registration of Pharmacist

1. First Register of Pharmacist: Immediately after independence until SPC was constituted.

2. Subsequent Register: During the period of implementation of Pharmacy Act and framing of Educational Registrations.

3. Regular Register: After Education Regulations came into force.


1. First Register of Pharmacist

Immediately after independence, there was shortage of pharmacists to run the hospitals and drug stores. Due to chaotic condition prevailing then, the State Governments were asked to appoint Registration Tribunal of 3 members of which one shall act as Secretary-cum-Treasurer. In many States, this Registration Tribunal consisted of professional and judiciary persons. Registration Tribunal fixed last date for submitting application for registration as pharmacists provided he/ she fulfilled following qualifications.

1. Minimum age of 18 years on date of application and

(a) If he/she holds degree/diploma in pharmacy or pharmaceutical chemistry or an approved Chemist and Druggist diploma issued by any State Government or a prescribed qualification granted by an authority outside India.


(b) A graduate in any discipline with a minimum of three years experience in compounding and dispensing in a hospital or dispensing at any other place where drugs are regularly dispensed on prescriptions of medical practitioners.


(c) A person who has passed examination recognized as adequate by the State Government for compounders or dispensers.


(d)A person with mlOlmum of five years experience in compounding or dispensing in a hospital or dispensary on prescriptions of medical practitioners.

After receipt of applications, the Registration Tribunal scrutinized the same and directed Secretary to enter the names of eligible candidates in Register as pharmacists. Any person aggrieved or not satisfied with the decision of Registration Tribunal was given 60 days time to appeal to a Special Appelate Authority, constituted for this purpose by the State Government and the decision of Appelate Authority was final and binding. After the formation State Pharmacy Council, the register was handed over to it.


2. Subsequent Register

For the interim period until Education Regulations were enforced in the State, the names of eligible candidates were included in the register of pharmacists on fulfilling the following criteria.

1. Minimum age of 18 years

2. A person satisfying conditions prescribed with the prior approval of the Central Councilor conditions entitling a person to have his name entered on the first register, provided he is a matriculate.


A person with matriculate qualification who is a registered pharmacist in another State.


3. Regular Register

After implementation of Education Regulations framed by the Pharmacy Council of India, only a diploma in pharmacy holder of an institution approved by PCI who has undergone practical training of500 hours after completion of D. Pharm. course is only eligible for registration as pharmacist.

There were two major amendments to the Pharmacy Act, 1948 for the purpose of registration of pharmacists in 1959 and 1976.

According to the amendment to Act in 1959, the First Register was once again opened for consideration of following categories of people for the purpose of registration as pharmacists.

(a) The persons who were displaced as a result of partition of country from erstwhile territory of India which is part of Pakistan and who were carrying on the business or profession of pharmacy as their principal means of livelihood on or before 4th March, 1948, and satisfy the conditions for inclusion in the First Register of Pharmacists.

(b) The citizens of India who have been carrying on the business or profession of pharmacy in any country outside India, provided they are qualified for registration in First Register.

(c) The persons who resided in an area which has become a territory of India and they satisfy the conditions for registration in First Register.

(d) The persons belonging to an area which has become part of other State as a result of State Reorganization on 1st November, 1956. Eventhough, the First Registration in such a State was closed, the persons in this category were enrolled as pharmacists in First Register provided they have fulfilled the criteria laid down for enrollment in the First Register.

(e) A person who has not responded to the call of registration in First Register eventhough he/she was qualified to be registered, due to ignorance or any other reason was once again given one time opportunity for registration.

The amendment to the Pharmacy Act in 1976 had considered following categories of people for registration as pharmacists:

(a) The displaced persons as a result of Bangladesh war or from Sri Lanka, Burma and Uganda or any other country between 14th April, 1957 and 25th March, 1971 provided they were carrying on business or profession of pharmacy as their principal means of livelihood for a period of not less than five years. This clause was also applicable to the persons affected by Goa Liberation Movement who were practicing pharmacy as per requirement in First Register.

(b) The Persons identified in the provision for the Drugs and Cosmetic Act, 1940 as qualified persons until 31"t December, 1969 who were professing pharmacy were also considered for registration as pharmacists.

These amendments were necessitated on humanitarian grounds and to attend to genuine difficulties in preparing the First Register. However, as on today the registration of pharmacists is strictly for diploma or degree in pharmacy holders from an institution approved by PCI.

The State Pharmacy Council maintains up-to-date Register of pharmacists after collection of requisite fees including following information.

(i) Full Name of pharmacist and his/her residential address

(ii) The date of his/her first admission to the Register

(iii) Qualification, year of passing of qualifying examination

(iv) Professional address

(v) Date of Birth and any other particulars as prescribed.

The Registrar appointed by SPC makes necessary entries in the Register and issues the receipt for registration which is a documentary evidence for registration. A certificate of registration is also issued by State Pharmacy Council on payment of fees. Anyone who is aggrieved by the decision of Registrar for non-inclusion of his/her name in Register may appeal to SPC within three months and the decision of SPC regarding registration shall be final.

The Registrar, on payment of fees, may issue duplicate certificate only on confirmation that the original is lost or destroyed.

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