Gluconeogenesis

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Chapter: Anatomy and Physiology for Health Professionals: Levels of Organization : Cellular Metabolism

Gluconeogenesis is the process of forming new glucose from noncarbohydrate molecules.


Gluconeogenesis

Gluconeogenesis is the process of forming new glucose from noncarbohydrate molecules. This pro-cess occurs in the liver when there is insufficient glu-cose to supply metabolic needs. Glycerol and amino acids are then converted to glucose. When glucose reserves and dietary sources of glucose are used up and blood glucose levels start to drop, gluconeogen-esis occurs. This process is important for protection of the nervous system as well as the rest of the body from damage due to hypoglycemia. It accomplishes this by ensuring continued ATP synthesis.

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