Alkali Metals

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Chapter: Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry : Alkali Metals

Members of group 1 of the periodic table (first vertical column) with exception of hydrogen are called alkali metals. Under the term alkali metals, the following elements are included: lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K), rubidium (Rb), caesium (Cs) and francium (Fr).


Alkali Metals

Members of group 1 of the periodic table (first vertical column) with exception of hydrogen are called alkali metals. Under the term alkali metals, the following elements are included: lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K), rubidium (Rb), caesium (Cs) and francium (Fr). Generally, francium is not included in further discussions, as only artificial isotopes are known with 223Fr having the longest half-life T1/2 = 21.8 min (Figure 2.1) .


In terms of a clinical use, sodium and potassium are essential ions for the human body and any imbalance in them has to be corrected. Lithium is medically used to treat bipolar disorder (BD), and the application of lithium salts is further discussed within this chapter.



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