Obesity and Health

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Chapter: Biochemistry : Obesity

Obesity is correlated with an increased risk of death and is a risk factor for a number of chronic conditions.


OBESITY AND HEALTH

Obesity is correlated with an increased risk of death (Figure 26.9) and is a risk factor for a number of chronic conditions, including T2D, dyslipidemias, hypertension, heart disease, some cancers, gallstones, arthritis, gout, pelvic floor disorders (for example, urinary incontinence), nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and sleep apnea. The relationship between obesity and associated morbidities is stronger among individuals younger than age 55 years. After age 74 years, there is no longer an association between increased BMI and mortality. Weight loss in obese individuals leads to decreased blood pressure, serum TAGs, and blood glucose levels. High-density lipoproteins increase.


Figure 26.9 Body mass index and the relative risk of death.

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