Metabolism of Monosaccharides and Disaccharides

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Chapter: Biochemistry : Metabolism of Monosaccharides and Disaccharides

Glucose is the most common monosaccharide consumed by humans, and its metabolism has already been discussed.


Metabolism of Monosaccharides and Disaccharides

 

OVERVIEW

Glucose is the most common monosaccharide consumed by humans, and its metabolism has already been discussed. However, two other monosaccharides, fructose and galactose, occur in significant amounts in the diet (primarily in disaccharides) and make important contributions to energy metabolism. In addition, galactose is an important component of structural carbohydrates. Figure 12.1 shows the metabolism of fructose and galactose as part of the essential pathways of energy metabolism.


Figure 12.1 Galactose and fructose metabolism as part of the essential pathways of energy metabolism (see Figure 8.2,, for a more detailed view of the overall reactions of metabolism). UDP = uridine diphosphate; P = phosphate.

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