Pharmaceutical Technology

Pharmaceutics: Pharmaceutical Technology - Covers all topics with images and clear explanation. Study Pharmaceutical Technology Online course, study material, important questions and answers, Notes, textbook.


Pharmaceutical Technology




Chapter 1: Introduction


=> Units and Dimensions
=> Pharmaceutical Process Engineering

Chapter 2: Fluid Flow


=> Fluid Flow
=> Fluids at Rest: Hydrostatics
=> The Measure of Pressure Intensity
=> Fluids in Motion
=> Bernoulliís Theorem
=> Flow Measurement
=> Laminar and Turbulent Flows
=> Liquid Flow in Pipes
=> The Significance of Reynolds Number, Re
=> Calculation of the Pressure Drop in a Pipe Due to Friction
=> Flow in Tubes in Noncircular Cross Section
=> Frictional Losses at Pipe Fittings
=> Motion of Bodies in a Fluid
=> Flow of Fluids Through Packed Beds
=> Pumps

Chapter 3: Heat Transfer


=> Heat Transfer
=> The Transfer of Heat Between Fluids
=> Heat Transfer Through a Wall
=> Heat Transfer in Pipes and Tubes
=> Heat Exchange Between a Fluid and a Solid Boundary
=> Application of Dimensional Analysis to Convective Heat Transfer
=> Heat Transfer to Boiling Liquids
=> Pool Boiling
=> Boiling Inside a Vertical Tube
=> Boiling With Forced Circulation
=> Heat Transfer From Condensing Vapors
=> Dropwise Condensation
=> Condensation of a Pure Vapor
=> Condensation of Mixed Vapors
=> Heat Transfer by Radiation
=> Exchange of Radiation

Chapter 4: Mass Transfer


=> Mass Transfer
=> Molecular Diffusion in Gases
=> Equimolecular Counter Diffusion
=> Diffusion Through a Stationary, Nondiffusing Gas
=> Molecular Diffusion in Liquids
=> Mass Transfer in Turbulent and Laminar Flow
=> Interfacial Mass Transfer

Chapter 5: Powders


=> Powders
=> Particle Properties of Powders
=> Particle Interactions
=> Flow of Powders
=> Packing of Powders
=> Granulation
=> Fluidization
=> Mixing and Blending
=> Conclusion

Chapter 6: Air Conditioning and Humidification


=> Air Conditioning and Humidification
=> Vapor and Gas Mixtures
=> Hygrometry, the Measurement of Humidity
=> Humidification and Dehumidification

Chapter 7: Drying


=> Drying
=> The Theory of Drying
=> Evaporation of Water into an Airstream
=> Static Beds of Nonporous Solids
=> The Internal Mechanism of Drying
=> Static Beds of Porous Solids
=> Through-Circulation Drying
=> Methods Involving Movement of the Solid
=> Other Methods of Drying
=> Solids Moving Over a Hot Surface
=> Batch Dryers
=> Continuous Dryers

Chapter 8: Solid-Liquid Extraction


=> Solid-Liquid Extraction
=> Methods of Leaching
=> Leaching by Percolation
=> Leaching by Immersion
=> The Choice of Extraction Method
=> The Choice of Solvent
=> Factors Affecting the Rate of Leaching
=> The Size and Size Distribution of the Solid Particles
=> Temperature
=> The Relative Movement Imposed on the Solids and the Liquid

Chapter 9: Crystallization


=> Crystallization
=> Crystallization in Melts
=> Nucleation
=> Crystal Growth
=> Crystallization from Solutions
=> Principles Underlying the Design and Operation of Crystallizers
=> Production of Very Fine Crystals
=> Production of Large Crystals
=> Crystallizers

Chapter 10: Evaporation and Distillation


=> Evaporation
=> Heat Transfer to Boiling Liquids in an Evaporator
=> The Physical Properties of Solution and Liquids
=> Evaporators
=> Binary Mixtures of Immiscible Liquids: Steam Distillation
=> Binary Mixtures of Miscible Liquids
=> Rectification or Fractionation
=> Separation of Azeotropes and Liquids of Similar Volatility
=> Molecular Distillation

Chapter 11: Filtration


=> Filtration
=> The Theories of Filtration
=> Factors Affecting the Rate of Filtration
=> Filters
=> Filter Media
=> The Filtration of Air
=> The Centrifuge

Chapter 12: Size, Reduction and Classification


=> The Importance of Fine Particles in Pharmacy
=> Fundamental Aspects of Crushing and Grinding
=> The Efficiency of Grinding
=> The Operation of Mills
=> Grinding Equipment
=> Classification or Size Separation

Chapter 13: Mixing


=> Mixing
=> The Scale of Scrutiny
=> The Mixing of Solids
=> Mixing Machines
=> The Mixing of Liquids
=> The Mixing of Liquids and Solids

Chapter 14: Solid Dosage Forms


=> Solid Dosage Forms
=> Granulation
=> Hard Capsules
=> Tablets
=> Inhalation Products

Chapter 15: Sterilization


=> Sterilization
=> Thermal Stabilization
=> Radiation
=> Ethylene Oxide
=> Sterile Filtration

Chapter 16: Bioprocessing


=> Bioprocessing
=> Pharmaceutical Water Systems
=> Cell Kinetics
=> Bioreactor Design
=> Bioprocessing Plant Design
=> Protein Purification

Chapter 17: Quality by Design


=> Quality by Design
=> Regulatory Initiative
=> Tools for Process Development

Chapter 18: Statistical Experimental Design


=> Statistical Experimental Design
=> Sampling
=> Randomized and Latin Square Designs
=> Factorial Design
=> Response Surface Maps
=> Design Space

Chapter 19: Process Analytical Technology


=> Process Analytical Technology

Chapter 20: Conclusion


=> Conclusion

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